More than 35 Million years ago, the present territory of the Carpathians consisted of the ocean called Tetis. The layers of sand, clay and limestone under the ocean hardened with time and in result of mountain-forming processes rose from the bottom of the water onto the surface. So the mountains were created with soft forms of their relief and wonderful nature.
“Where there are mountains and highlands…”
In 1980 in the very heart of the Ukrainian Carpathians, in their southeastern part (Chorna Hora and Horhany) the Carpathian National Natural Park (= CNNP) was created. On its territory, that occupies more than 50.000 hectars, lies the highest mountain of Ukraine – mount Goverla (2062 meters above sea level) and at her foot begins the main artery of the CNNP – the river Prut, which on its way collects water from numerous streams with exotic names like Zhenets, Zhonka, Kamyanka and others.
The bottom of the Prut is uneven, stony and the flow is rapid. There are many waterfalls and thresholds. Picturesque is the waterfall Probiy (hasp) in Yaremche. Its height until in 190 was 20 meters. In order to improve the transporting of tree-logs it was dynamited and is now 8 meter high. A left tributary of the Prut, which begins on the slopes of Goverla, forms the longest in Ukraine cascade of waterfalls. It is called Huk and has a height of 84 meters. The roars of the waterfalls can be well heard in the whole surrounding area. The name Huk comes from the roar.
On the territory of the park there are two lakes: lake Nesamovyte (furious) and lake Maricheyka. Both are woven with legends from pagan times.
The basic wealth of the national park are the forests. Beech, common spruce and silver junipers form the main stock. Here grow over 1100 arts of plants, 70 arts of trees and 110 bushes. More than 80 arts of plants are entered into the Red book of Ukraine. Among them the european ceder pine tree, four (yellow, speckled, separate and spring) sorts of gentians, the pink rodiola and the arnica plant. History of forest alloy in Carpathians.
The variety of the landscape determines the variety of the animal world.The main hoofed animals are the noble deer, the european roe and the wild pig. As predators, one can meet brown beers, wolves, lynxes, martens and polecats. Typical ornithological representatives are the wood grouse, black grouse, hazel-hen, toy pistol and woodpecker. Altogether 114 birds are accounted for. Among reptiles, one can come upon vipers, grass-snakes, and lizards. The spotted salamander and three types of tritons are entered in the Red Book. In the rivers and lakes there are 12 types of amphibious, especially the trout, loach and madder. Hunting and fishing traditions of Carpathians. If you’re a fishing fan, you must to know about fishing in the Carpathians.
The territory of the Carpathian National Natural Park is part of the historical-ethnographical region, which is populated by an autochthon people called Hutsuls. These are talented and inventive people, which nature inspires to be creative. The region is known for carvers, weavers, carpet-weavers, embroiderers. The Hutsuls have conserved their differences in language, clothing, culture, way of life, folk habits and traditions and such already attract attention to themselves. Many monuments of history and culture, which are on the territory of the national park, are under state protection. An exclusive uniqueness display wooden churches, which were built in forms of a Hutsul regional school.
Thanks to favorable climatic conditions and picturesque natural and landscapes, the Carpathian National Natural Park enjoys a large popularity among tourists. The development of all types of recreation demonstrates to huge number of tourist and sport complexes, sanatoriums and centre for preventive medicine, health care centers and private farms that accept guests.
The most favorable period for recreation and medical treatment is the summer and autumn season – between the months of May and October. Tourists are offered a net of ecologically and turistically relevant paths and tourist routes with a general duration of 300 kilometers. Among them “Path of Dovbush”, “To Mount Goverla” and “To Mount Khomyak”.
The most favorable period for recreation and medical treatment is the summer and autumn season – between the months of May and October.
On the territory of the national park there are 10 places of rest and 12 zones of recreation, that are mainly situated near the transport routes. Attractive for tourists are the zones of recreation “Vorotytshe”, “Barvytsche” (village Mykulychyn), “Tramplin” (village Vorokhta) and the wild animal farm in Yaremche with segregated sections for noble deer, roes and wild pigs.
When travelling through the Carpathians please do not forget to adhere to the rules of good conduct on the territory of national park. Do not damage live and lifeless nature, do not light fires in places not reserved for such purpose and do not leave litter. Remember about those who will come after you.